UK Government fails to take wildlife crime seriously

Ocean Conserve - Wed, 04/24/2013 - 09:20
Ecologist: In the UK, specialist wildlife police are at risk of becoming an endangered species themselves It is a pivotal time in the global fight against the illegal wildlife trade. Rhino poaching is at a record high, there is a seemingly unquenchable thirst for ivory in the East and there has been a bloody battle at CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) to take shark fin soup off the menu. The signs are clear: this is not some niche, illicit trade carried out by petty part-time...
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Sea Ice Loss Could Alter Arctic Air Chemistry

Ocean Conserve - Wed, 04/24/2013 - 07:04
LiveScience: Over the past 30 years, the Arctic has warmed more than any other place on the planet, and that warming and the resulting melt of the region's sea ice presents a number of potential adverse effects, from impacts on weather systems to the decline in the habitats of native species. Now, a team of scientists have found evidence that the Arctic warming and melting sea ice could be changing the chemistry of the Arctic atmosphere through reactions that happen on the snow that sits atop the sea ice and...
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Athabaskan Council: Arctic Warming Violates Our Human Rights

Ocean Conserve - Wed, 04/24/2013 - 02:18
Environment News Service: The Arctic Athabaskan Council today filed a petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, requesting a declaration that Canada is undermining the human rights of Athabaskan peoples by allowing emissions of black carbon to warm the Arctic. The Arctic Athabaskan Council is an international treaty organization established to defend the rights and further the interests of American and Canadian Athabaskan First Nation governments in the eight-nation Arctic Council, of which it is an authorized...
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Human extinction warning from Oxford

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 23:01
BBC: What are the greatest global threats to humanity? Are we on the verge of our own unexpected extinction? An international team of scientists, mathematicians and philosophers at Oxford University's Future of Humanity Institute is investigating the biggest dangers. And they argue in a research paper, Existential Risk as a Global Priority, that international policymakers must pay serious attention to the reality of species-obliterating risks. Last year there were more academic papers published...
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Asian monsoon is getting predictable

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 22:48
ScienceDaily: The summer rainy season is especially important for securing the water and food supplies for more than a billion people. Its variations can mean the difference between drought and flood. Now a Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego-led study reports on a crucial connection that could drastically improve the ability of forecasters to reliably predict the monsoon a few months in advance. Yu Kosaka and Shang-Ping Xie from Scripps and colleagues from NOAA found that a winter appearance...
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Genetically engineered salmon company expects U.S. regulatory OK in 2013

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 22:45
Reuters: AquaBounty Technologies Inc expects regulatory approval by the fourth quarter of this year to produce its controversial genetically engineered salmon, its chief executive said on Tuesday. "There have been no new legal issues, no new regulatory issues, no new environmental issues raised," AquaBounty Technologies Chief Executive Ronald Stotish said on the sidelines of the BIO International Convention. "We should have approval before the end of the year." The U.S. Food and Drug Administration...
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Less rainfall expected for the Hawaiian Islands

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 21:48
ScienceDaily: Almost imperceptibly, rainfall over the Hawaiian Islands has been declining since 1978, and this trend is likely to continue with global warming through the end of this century, according to a team of scientists at the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UHM) and the University of Colorado at Boulder. This latest Hawaii rainfall study, published in the March 13, 2013, early online issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research, supports previous work conducted at the University of Hawaii. What has been...
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Source of organic matter affects Bay water quality

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 19:47
ScienceDaily: Each time it rains, runoff carries an earthy tea steeped from leaf litter, crop residue, soil, and other organic materials into the storm drains and streams that feed Chesapeake Bay. A new study led by researchers at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science reveals that land use in the watersheds from which this "dissolved organic matter" originates has important implications for Bay water quality, with the organic carbon in runoff from urbanized or heavily farmed landscapes more likely to persist...
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Insights Into Deadly Coral Bleaching Could Help Preserve Reefs

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 18:46
ScienceDaily: Coral reefs are stressed the world over and could be in mortal danger because of climate change. But why do some corals die and others not, even when exposed to the same environmental conditions? An interdisciplinary research team from Northwestern University and The Field Museum of Natural History has a surprising answer: The corals themselves play a role in their susceptibility to deadly coral bleaching due to the light-scattering properties of their skeletons. No one else has shown this before....
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Pictures: Extreme Algae Blooms Expanding Worldwide

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 14:39
National Geographic: A boy swims in algae-covered waters off the coast of Qingdao, China (map) in 2011-just one of the places around the world where algae blooms are a growing problem. elated pictures: "Photos: Thick Green Algae Chokes Beach-Swimmers Dive In.") With an estimated seven billion people and counting, the world's population will only get hungrier. The advent of fertilizers and high-yield crops have helped growers keep pace with the demand for food. But there's an unintended crop flourishing around the...
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Global warming threatens Atlantic cod stocks

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 14:00
Summit Voice: With Atlantic cod already moving into waters around Spitsbergen -- into Arctic cod territory -- fisheries biologists are keeping a close eye the commercially important species to determine the consequences of climate-related migrations. Specifically, researchers want to how how the fish are responding to warmer and more acidic water, and at which stages of life the changes are most dangerous to them. In the next two and a half years, biologists from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre...
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Keystone species could cause ecosystem to collapse

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 14:00
MSN: There are certain animals worldwide that hold a heavier sway in the balance of ecosystems, and they were dubbed "keystone species" in 1969 by American zoology professor Robert T. Paine. The theory is that like the wedge-shaped keystone (or headstone) that locks together all the pieces used in an architectural arch, there are species that keep certain ecosystems in together. Removal of the species can cause the eventual collapse of the ecosystem. Just a drop in the bucket of the keystone species...
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Canadian Lawyer Wants Climate Change Warning Labels On Gas Pumps

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 09:09
Triple Pundit: Climate change is a very real threat to humanity, as many scientists have warned us. A Canadian lawyer named Robert Shirkey wants all Canadians who pump gasoline to understand the threat of climate change. He started a campaign, ourhorizon.org that calls for labels to be put on gas pump nozzles. The campaign aims to get municipalities in Canadian provinces to pass legislation that require the labels. There are 4,000 municipalities in Canada. The campaign`s website contains a database of municipal...
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'Resource Shocks' Caused By Climate Change Cited As National Security Threat

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 08:04
PlanetSave: We tend to expect a relatively conservative stance from our intelligence community on most any issue affecting national security, and, in particular, the dual issue of global warming and climate change. This 'traditional` stance reflects the general position of our elected leaders who continue to resist taking meaningful action and keep kicking the climate change can down the road. But perhaps our intelligence experts, being experts at gathering information, have at last come to see the true "threat...
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Impacts of Climate Change on Coral Reefs and the Marine Environment

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 08:00
UN Chronicle: It is estimated that 70 per cent of the Earth’s surface area is made up of oceans,1 the most productive habitat, comprising 75 per cent of all known species. This unique environment, which remains generally unexplored and hidden from the world, plays an important role in regulating global temperature and is the primary producer of oxygen. Coral reefs, which comprise only about 0.5 per cent of the ocean floor, are complex three-dimensional structures built up over thousands of years as a result of...
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Bangladesh focuses on adaptation as climate fears grow

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 07:59
RTCC: Climate adaptation planning is likely to become a priority for Bangladesh’s leaders as the hopes of keeping global temperatures within safe limits decrease. The country is already one of the most vulnerable in the world to flooding and storm surges. Torrential rain last year left over 100 dead and 250,000 stranded. And compared to the USA post Hurricane Sandy, it takes Bangladesh more time to ‘bounce back’ from extreme weather events, which the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report says will get...
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Genetic study finds salmon refuge

Ocean Conserve - Tue, 04/23/2013 - 06:54
BBC: An area of coastal waters around North-West France has been identified as a site for a previously unknown ice-free refuge for salmon during the Ice Age. Researchers said the isolated marine haven would help explain the "genetic mosaic" of British and Irish salmon. They added that fish from this refuge bred with fish from the Iberian peninsula as they migrated into UK waters as the ice receded. The findings have been published in the journal Heredity. "There has been a lot of work done...
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Biological activity alters the ability of sea spray to seed clouds

Ocean Conserve - Mon, 04/22/2013 - 21:36
ScienceDaily: Ocean biology alters the chemical composition of sea spray in ways that influence its ability to form clouds over the ocean. That's the conclusion of a team of scientists using a new approach to study tiny atmospheric particles called aerosols that can influence climate by absorbing or reflecting sunlight and seeding clouds. By engineering breaking waves of natural ocean water under purified air in the lab, they were able to isolate and analyze aerosols from the spray and determine how life within...
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Earth Day: Time to Recognize the Rights of Nature

Ocean Conserve - Mon, 04/22/2013 - 13:16
CNBC: It's Earth Day 2013, and it's a good time to step back and see how we've been doing since the first one 1970. That's when 20 million people took to the streets to protest rivers on fire, DDT-poisoned birds, sewage on beaches and a devastating oil spill off the pristine Santa Barbara, Calif., coast. Soon after, many of our basic national environmental laws were passed in direct response to this massive grassroots movement. Is there another wave of this activism coming? Since those early days,...
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Analysis: BP's legal gamble may trim spill bill by billions

Ocean Conserve - Mon, 04/22/2013 - 05:37
Reuters: BP Plc's attempt to get a U.S. federal court to pin at least a sizeable amount of the blame for the Deepwater Horizon disaster on other companies may have saved it billions of dollars. After failing to settle claims from the 2010 Gulf of Mexico spill through negotiations, the British oil company opted in February to go to trial with plaintiffs ranging from small businesses to the U.S. government over the damages it will face. The decision rests with U.S. District Court Judge Carl Barbier, who...
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